With biomass energy dependence still a concern for Rwanda, the government has pledged to cut biomass energy use by half by 2024 and, adopt the use of cleaner cooking energy.
The Minister for Infrastructure, Claver Gatete said Rwanda’s dependency on biomass energy currently stands at 83 percent and that this number needs to be drastically reduced and fast.
Although biomass energy is a major problem in Africa, it is a global problem as well, where there are 3 billion people that lack access to clean cooking energy.
Minister Gatete added that in sub-Saharan Africa, the deficit increased from 585 million in 2000 to over 860 million by the end of 2016, which is more than 70 percent of the African population.
The Rwandan government has developed strategies such as the use of institutional biogas and liquefied petroleum gas in public institutions like prisons, police and military camps.
“The above actions will complement the ongoing policy of scaling up biogas in rural areas and use of improved cooking stoves and cooking materials like pellets and briquettes from agricultural residues,” said the minister.
Minister Gatete added that indoor smoke emitted from burning wood and other biomass fuels kills over four million people globally; mostly women and children.
“Therefore, it is important that governments and the private sector develop markets and provide clean cooking technologies to the population as a matter of priority,” he noted.